Behavior and cognitive problems from fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
Date updated: April 02, 2007
Debby Golonka, MPH and reviewing Content provided by Healthwise
A Committee on Substance Abuse and Committee on Children with Disabilities (2000)reported that children with Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may have a wide range of behavioral problems including and thinking and reasoning (which requires cognitive skills) problems which may have an affect on a child's school performance.
Children with FASD may have:
- Additional Diagnosis of Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. These symptoms however may also be caused by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
- Extreme mood changes, aggressive behavior, or temper tantrums or rages that are extreme.
- As many as 80 out of 100 children with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)will have marked behavioral problems.
- These children suffer a poor ability to think in abstract ways.
- FAS Children may have difficulty with math skills.
- Learning difficulties that in some cases are related to mental retardation. Depending on sever the child's alcohol effects are, he or she may have an IQ range of average (100) to severely mentally retarded (20).
- Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is one of the most common known causes of mental retardation for children.
- Children with FAS may also suffer hearing problems.
- Often jaw defects can cause speech problems.
Children with FASD commonly have difficulties getting along with other people and children because they may be unable to:
- Consider the consequences of their actions. They may not be able to consider how their actions affect another person
- Control their impulses. They may know the rules but because the brain is not processing like an ordinary child they Do--Before they Think
- Correctly interpret the actions of other people. They may fail to understand normal social cues or even if another person is interested or likes them.
In order for these issues to be directly attributed to FASD, these problems cannot be related to the child's developmental level or be caused by family or living situation problems taking place at the time.
Reference: Committee on Substance Abuse and Committee on Children with Disabilities (2000). Fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders. Pediatrics, 106(2): 358–361.